This slideshow asks students to consider the definitions of freedom and equality, to understand the roles of bystanders and upstanders, and to connect economic complicity in the past to today.

Enduring Understandings

  • Slavery existed in the North and was central to the development and growth of the northern economies.
  • Slavery shaped the beliefs of Northerners about race and whiteness even as they worked as allies to people of color.
  • Systemic racism is a foundation of American society. Throughout history Black Vermonters have faced bias and discrimination, and this is still true today.

Background information and guiding questions are in the speaker’s notes. Click on the settings icon at the bottom of the slideshow.