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Timeline of English Settlement in the Connecticut River Valley

By Sarah Rooker on December 18, 2013 in Flow of History
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1691
Massachusetts Colony gets new charter giving it all North American Territories north of the St. Lawrence.

1694
Massachusetts enumerates the “Frontier Towns.” Inhabitants forbidden to desert on pain of loss of their lands (if landholders) or of imprisonment (if not landholders). Deerfield listed as frontier town.

1704
Raid on Deerfield. Part of Queen Anne’s War 1702-1713

1715 
MA orders the first land survey of the area in present-day southeastern VT to settle a boundary dispute with CT.

1724
Fort Dummer built.

1736 
Massachusetts General Court votes to lay out four townships. Those on the east side of the river (NH) were numbered in order going up the stream: No. 1 Chesterfield, No. 2 Westmoreland, No. 3 Walpole, No. 4 Charlestown. 

1740 
Royal decree settles boundary disputes between Massachusetts and New Hampshire and places the line where it is today.

1744 
Fort #4 built in Charlestown, NH

1749 -1761 
Over 63 Vermont and New Hampshire towns chartered by Benning Wentworth under the rule of King George II. Known as the New Hampshire Grants. Done in an effort to lay claim on disputed New York territory.

1754
Moor’s Indian Charity School founded — later incorporated into Dartmouth College

1756
The Seven Years’ War begins as Great Britain declares war on France expanding the North American conflict to Europe, Africa, Asia and South America.

1760
The British capture Montreal ending the conflict in North America.

1763
The Treaty of Paris ends the war between Britain and France.

1764
Royal Board of Trade declares the west bank of Connecticut River boundary line between NY and NH. Reverses the New Hampshire Grant charters.

c. 1770
Rapid influx of settlers to the northern Connecticut River Valley begins and lasts until the early 1800s