The Flow of History
 
 

Gathering and Interactions of Peoples, Cultures, and Ideas

English Timeline: Movement And Settlement To The Connecticut River Valley: 1691-1791

The theme of movement and settlement encompasses the century from the 1691 with the first settlements in Northfield, Massachusetts to 1791 with the entrance of Vermont into the republic of the United States of America. During this time, thousands of people moved into the Connecticut River Valley in Vermont, establishing the territory firmly in the New England small town tradition.

   National      Regional
   

 

 

1692
Salem witchcraft hysteria brings out tensions amongst settlers.

1702
Queen Anne's War begins

1711
Tuscarora Wars begin in NC

1712
Failed slave revolt in NYC

PA colony bans importation of slaves

1715
Yamasee War in SC, protest against English mistreatment and slavery

1691
Massachusetts Colony gets new charter giving it all North American Territories north of the St. Lawrence.

1694
Massachusetts enumerates the "Frontier Towns." Inhabitants forbidden to desert on pain of loss of their lands (if landholders) or of imprisonment (if not landholders). Deerfield listed as frontier town.

1704
Raid on Deerfield. Part of Queen Anne's War 1702-1713

1715
MA orders the first land survey of the area in present-day southeastern VT to settle a boundary dispute with CT.

   

1722
Combined force of Hurons, Abenakis and other Canadian tribes raze communities along the Kennebec River.

1732
Georgia, last of 13 colonies, chartered.

1734
Beginning of the Great Awakening.

1739
3 separate slave insurrections occur in South Carolina

1724
Fort Dummer built.

1736
Massachusetts General Court votes to lay out four townships. Those on the east side of the river (NH) were numbered in order going up the stream: No. 1 Chesterfield, No. 2 Westmoreland, No. 3 Walpole, No. 4 Charlestown.

1740
Royal decree settles boundary disputes between Massachusetts and New Hampshire and places the line where it is today.

   

1754
Seven Years War, the last of the so called French and Indian Wars begins

Albany Plan of Union

1763
French and Indian War ends. France cedes all major North American holdings to British

Proclamation of 1763 angers colonists

1774
First Continental Congress

1776
Declaration of Independence

1744
Fort #4 built in Charlestown, NH

1749 -1761
Over 63 Vermont and New Hampshire towns chartered by Benning Wentworth under the rule of King George II. Known as the New Hampshire Grants. Done in an effort to lay claim on disputed New York territory.

1754
Moor's Indian Charity School founded -- later incorporated into Dartmouth College

1764
Royal Board of Trade declares the west bank of Connecticut River boundary line between NY and NH. Reverses the New Hampshire Grant charters.

c. 1770
Rapid influx of settlers to the northern Connecticut River Valley begins and lasts until the early 1800s

   

1781
Articles of Confederation

1783
Treaty of Paris ends the Am Revolution

1784
US Treaty with the Six Nations

1787
Constitutional Convention

Northwest Ordinance

1789
First US Congress meets in NYC

Washington's First Inaugural Address

Constitution is ratified.

1790
First U.S. census: 2,042,077 English/Welsh descent; 60,000 free African Americans; over 680,000 enslaved Africans; 54,900 French-born; 44,000 Irish-born residents. Thousands of Scots, German, Dutch and Spanish. Only free white persons can become citizens. Skilled craft unions begin to form.

1791
Bill of Rights ratified

1777
Independent Republic of Vermont established. Its constitution was the first to outlaw adult slavery and to include citizen rights within the original text.

1779
VT state legislators forbid allegiance to any courts, except those of Vermont.

1791
Vermont becomes a state.

For Further Reading


Printer Friendly Page


© 2013 Flow of History. All rights reserved.